Saturday, October 9, 2010

Hajj: Mecca, Khutbah, Kaaba, Eid Al-Adha, Grand Mosque Seizure, Black Stone, Incidents During the Hajj, Zamzam Well, Stoning of the Devil

Hajj: Mecca, Khutbah, Kaaba, Eid Al-Adha, Grand Mosque Seizure, Black Stone, Incidents During the Hajj, Zamzam Well, Stoning of the DevilPurchase includes free access to book updates online and a free trial membership in the publisher's book club where you can select from more than a million books without charge. Chapters: Mecca, Khutbah, Kaaba, Eid Al-Adha, Grand Mosque Seizure, Black Stone, Incidents During the Hajj, Zamzam Well, Stoning of the Devil, Nukhayb, 1987 Mecca Massacre, Jamaraat Bridge, Al-Safa and Al-Marwah, Haj Subsidy, Mut'ah of Hajj, 2006 Mecca Hostel Collapse, Hajj Passport, Mount Arafat, Muzdalifah, Mina, Saudi Arabia, Miqat, Juz' Hajjat Al- Wida' Wa 'umrat Al-Nabi, Istita'ah. Excerpt: The 1987 Hajj demonstrations occurred on July 31, 1987. It arose from escalating tensions between Shia Iran on one hand and Wahabbi Saudi Arabia .History For years, Iranian pilgrims had tried to stage challenging demonstrations so called "Distancing Ourselves from Mushrikn " ( ) in the Muslim holy city of Mecca during the hajj . Hostility of Saudi Arabia toward Iran has a long history. King Khalid of Saudi Arabia for example wrote to Saddam to "crush these stupid Iranians" ( ) as Saddam pushed on with the invasion of Iranian territory. It has often been claimed that Iraq recruited non-Iraqi Arabs during the war to balance the far superior number of Iranian forces on the ground. The history of hostility of Wahabi Arabs to Shia Arabs and Persians dates to several centuries back. In 1943, a Saudi religious judge ordered an Iranian pilgrim beheaded for allegedly defiling the Great Mosque with excrement supposedly carried into the mosque in his pilgrim's garment. There was also a clash in 1981 in Mecca and Medina between Iranian pilgrims and Saudi police. Khalid compiled a revealing letter of protest to Khomeini, asking that Khomeini urge his followers to show restraint but strongly hinting that the Great Mosque had been defiled by blasphemous Iranian pilgrims. According to Khalid, Iranian pilgrims in the Great Mosque had performed their ritual circumambulations while chanting "God is great, Khomeini ...

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Wednesday, October 6, 2010

The Eid Festivals - Eid ul Fit and Eid ul Adha

The Muslim festival Eid-Ul-Adha is the Festival of Pilgrimage for Muslims. It is celebrated on the 10th day of the month of Dhul Hijjah to mark the end of the Hajj or pilgrimage to Mecca. This is a festival that recollects fundamental events in Muslim history; the call of Prophet Abraham for believers to visit the Kaaba he had built.

Basically Eid-Ul-Adha signifies a festival of obedience and sacrifice through following God's commands and the spirit of sacrifice and dedication that Muslims harbor with fellow Muslims and other human beings.

The great patriarch, Abraham was so God abiding that he was ready to immolate his beloved son Ismael at God's command. But God then acknowledged his obedience and sent a sheep to be sacrificed instead. Today believers donate to the poor and rejoice during Eid-Ul-Adha.

Eid-Ul-Adha starts with a usual bath wherein all members of the family seek each other's forgiveness and pardon. There is a special congregational prayer organized in the mosque to recall the spirit of Abraham's sacrifice.

Another joyous Islamic festival is the Eid-Ul-Fitr that marks the end of the holy month of Ramadan. This is the day people thank Allah for their strength and self-restraint during their fast during Ramadan. The first sight of the new moon on the first day of Shawwal, the tenth Islamic month decides the date of Eid-Ul-Fitr and the start of celebrations.

The festival is also referred to as the 'Festival of Fast-Breaking' where you see a great rush in markets the day before the festival. This is when people shop for gifts, clothes and sweetmeats. Eid-Ul-Fitr also signifies the payment of obligatory charity, fitrah. Being the festival of charity, the poor, ailing and orphans are remembered and are relieved by Muslims who give donations, kindness and love generously.

The morning of Eid finds all Muslims attending morning players after which everyone wears their best. Men wear white kurtas, pants, surma, perfume and a white or colored topee to complete their attire. Women wear beautiful churidhars and shalwar kameez with embroidered shawls. After eating a special Eid preparation of milk, sugar and vermicelli, the male attend special prayers at the mosque.

The mosques are packed on Eid-Ul-Fitr where rich and poor stand together in front of their Creator to cement the bond of affection and brotherhood of Islamism by hugging each other and greeting 'Eid Mubarak'. The rest of the day is spent visiting relatives and friends to exchange greetings and gifts. Children look forward to Eid-Ul-Fitr as they receive Eidi in the form of cash or gifts from elders. Radio stations play popular 'Qauwwali' while the television screens progams with Muslim flavor.

No Lid celebration is complete without Biryani. Its preparation is a part of the rituals of Lid that is transmitted from mother to daughter and master to disciple. Besides Biryani, meet and chicken Kababs, kulfis, faloodas, pulaos, Shawai and other delicacies are gorged after one month of restraint. All friends and relatives participate in the joyous, and traditional celebrations of Eid-Ul-Fitr.

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